Ottoman Map of the World, 1803

Share this on Facebook download .zip with all pictures

Thanks!

But that’s just the etymology, not the practical usage:

>In general, ʿAǰam was a pejorative term, used by Arabs conscious of their political and social superiority in early Islam. But by the 3rd/9th century, the non-Arabs, and above all the Persians, were asserting their social and cultural equality (taswīa) with the Arabs, if not their superiority (tafżīl) over them (a process seen in the literary movement of the Šoʿūbīya). In any case, there was always in some minds a current of admiration for the ʿAǰam as heirs of an ancient, cultured tradition of life. Even the great proponent of the Arab cause, Jāḥeẓ, wrote a Ketāb al-taswīa bayn al-ʿArab wa’l-ʿAǰam (C. Pellat, “Essai d’inventaire de l’oeuvre ğāḥiẓienne,” Arabica 3, 1956, p. 152, no. 22). After these controversies had died down, and the Persians had achieved a position of power in the Islamic world comparable to their numbers and capabilities, “ʿAǰam” became a simple ethnic and geographical designation; hence in geographical literature of the Saljuq period and after we find Mesopotamia referred to as ʿErāq ʿArabī, in contrast to northwest Persia or Jebāl, the ancient Media, called ʿErāq ʿAǰamī.

Latest Comments
  1. wasdenmzd December 18, 2016
  2. LucienneDewees December 13, 2016
  3. Endvesa December 10, 2016
  4. Imale December 3, 2016
  5. Adir November 30, 2016
  6. Sordmiecz4 November 24, 2016
  7. Sylye November 24, 2016
  8. DomingaRico November 19, 2016
  9. Ashend November 19, 2016
  10. osade November 10, 2016
  11. Chawler November 9, 2016
  12. Queton November 8, 2016
  13. Tiarad November 7, 2016
  14. StacyHickox November 3, 2016
  15. Ensulard October 23, 2016
  16. CatharineDorrance October 18, 2016
  17. LeonardEdlund October 17, 2016
  18. Ingn October 12, 2016
  19. presley77 October 9, 2016
  20. urnisaw October 5, 2016
  21. TyroneVautour October 4, 2016
  22. Kimskel October 1, 2016
  23. Rynepi September 26, 2016
  24. vanderpool39 September 24, 2016
  25. Zapes September 24, 2016
  26. Eldrdan September 23, 2016
  27. Lavonne1 September 17, 2016
  28. DavisGroce September 17, 2016
  29. TyroneVautour September 14, 2016
  30. guin7865 September 14, 2016
  31. Tiaeld September 13, 2016
  32. garza77 September 3, 2016
  33. Radbel September 1, 2016
  34. Wartin August 31, 2016
  35. Rac August 31, 2016
  36. MeghannBoardman August 28, 2016
  37. Undihin August 23, 2016
  38. Brivestas August 19, 2016
  39. Ybele August 15, 2016
  40. GaleBostick August 10, 2016
  41. StacyHickox August 5, 2016
  42. Ludser August 3, 2016
  43. lawvercool3 August 1, 2016
  44. LeolaBou July 28, 2016
  45. Nulad July 27, 2016
  46. Daros July 23, 2016
  47. Jacquiline1999 July 15, 2016
  48. dreyer333 July 7, 2016
  49. MilesVickers June 30, 2016
  50. Reavis2000 June 28, 2016
  51. Skelashat June 21, 2016
  52. Zimmermann169 June 19, 2016
  53. Wartin June 15, 2016
  54. CristineLacomb June 15, 2016
  55. Sordmiecz4 May 29, 2016
  56. Mylil May 28, 2016
  57. Iss May 27, 2016
  58. Endvesa May 21, 2016
  59. Sylye May 18, 2016
  60. AlexTibbs May 17, 2016
  61. Rosybi May 16, 2016
  62. Chaiwor May 14, 2016
  63. Imale May 11, 2016
  64. Nyill May 11, 2016
  65. AlexTibbs May 10, 2016
  66. Ashend May 8, 2016
  67. Oldtiavor May 6, 2016
  68. ornbakerset2 April 25, 2016
  69. Nitanen April 22, 2016
  70. Neab April 21, 2016
  71. ucid April 18, 2016
  72. Nyest April 12, 2016
  73. RSpofford April 7, 2016
  74. Korah March 21, 2016
  75. YaekoPendelton March 20, 2016
  76. ThuBocanegra March 15, 2016
  77. Whail March 13, 2016
  78. LeotaBerkeley March 11, 2016
  79. Jacquiline1999 March 9, 2016
  80. Garan March 9, 2016
  81. Rynepi March 4, 2016
  82. Yonys March 4, 2016
  83. chrisman9020 March 2, 2016
  84. vanderpool39 February 19, 2016
  85. Rannund February 18, 2016
  86. Rodyn February 18, 2016
  87. dreyer333 February 17, 2016
  88. Iworo February 17, 2016
  89. LeonardEdlund February 14, 2016
  90. kolinmcrae February 3, 2016
  91. goodellkol February 3, 2016
  92. Suloon January 15, 2016
  93. Rodel January 6, 2016
  94. urnisaw January 6, 2016
  95. Usklor January 4, 2016
  96. Belacha January 3, 2016
  97. CarlGuerrier January 1, 2016
  98. Ybele December 23, 2015
  99. Nah December 22, 2015
  100. LeotaBerkeley December 20, 2015
  101. persaud December 19, 2015
  102. Csmoak09 December 17, 2015
  103. Cerlory December 14, 2015
  104. ucid December 10, 2015
  105. Rodyn December 5, 2015
  106. Kinild December 1, 2015
  107. wasdenmzd November 30, 2015
  108. Rel November 29, 2015
  109. Rel November 22, 2015
  110. Rac November 21, 2015
  111. DomingaRico November 21, 2015
  112. Burageorm November 19, 2015
  113. LeonardEdlund November 16, 2015
  114. Tiarad November 11, 2015
  115. Mcglade666 November 1, 2015
  116. TakakoMelnick October 27, 2015
  117. Queton October 25, 2015
  118. Mylil October 17, 2015
  119. Rac October 16, 2015
  120. Belacha October 15, 2015
  121. Tiaeld October 12, 2015
  122. Oughumde October 7, 2015
  123. Hinoldo October 5, 2015
  124. Claribel1 October 5, 2015
  125. mcnabb October 5, 2015
  126. tischDE October 3, 2015
Comments are closed.
Click on Like Page, to get new amazing photo every day on facebook.
Thanks! I already Like.